Dr. Hilary Earl

Hilary Earl Profile Photo
Professor / Faculty of Arts and Science - History
Full-time Faculty
Graduate Program Faculty
BA, University of New Brunswick
MA, University of New Brunswick
PhD, University of Toronto
Areas of Specialization:

Modern European History (Germany); International legal history (prosecuting genocide/war crimes trials)

Research Interests:

the Holocaust, war crimes trials, Perpetrator history and testimony, comparative genocide

Current & Future Research:

Raphael Lemkin and the Genocide Convention; Perpetrators in postwar Germany; professional witnesses in postwar trials; genocide tourism


The Nuremberg SS-Einsatzgruppen Trial, 1945-1958: Atrocity Law and History. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009. 336 pp.


"Prosecuting Genocide before the Genocide Convention: Raphael Lemkin and the Nuremberg Trials, 1945-1949," in Journal of Genocide Research, vol. 15, no.3 (September 2013): 317-338

"Beweise, Zeugen, Narrative: Der Einsatzgruppen Prozess und seine Wirkung auf die historische Forschung zur Genese der Endlösung'" in Kim Christian Priemel and Alexa Stiller NMT. Nürnberger Militärtribunale zwischen Geschichte, Gerechigkeit und Rechtschöpfung (Hamburg edition, 2013): 127-157.

"A Judge, a Prosecutor, and a Mass Murderer: Dynamics in the SS-Einsatzgruppen Trial," in Kim Christian Priemel and Alexa Stiller (eds.), Reassessing the Nuremberg Military Tribunals. Transitional Justice, Trial Narratives, and Historiography (New York and Oxford: Berghahn Books and Oxford University Press, 2012): 47-73.

"Biographies of Criminals or Criminal Biographies: Explaining Perpetrators' 'Route to Crime' using War Crimes Trial Documentation," in Simone Lässig and Volker Berghahn (eds), Biography between Structure and Agency: Approaches to German History (New York and London: Berghahn Books and Oxford University Press, 2008): 162-181.

"Confessions of Wrong-doing or How to Save Yourself from the Hangman? An Analysis of British and American Intelligence Reports of the Activities of Otto Ohlendorf, May-December 1945," in David Bankier (ed), Secret Intelligence and the Holocaust (New York and Jerusalem: Enigma Books and Yad Vashem, 2006): 301-326.

"Scales of Justice: History, Testimony and the Einsatzgruppen Trial," in Jeffry Diefendorf, (ed), Lessons and Legacies VI. New Currents in Holocaust Research (Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 2004): 325-351.

Review Essay. "Business as Usual: Elite Universities during the 1930s," a review of Stephen H. Norwood, The Third Reich in the Ivory Tower: Complicity and Conflict on American Campuses (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009). Academic Matters September 2010.

Prizes and Awards

2009-2010 Hans Rosenberg Book Prize for The Nuremberg SS-Einsatzgruppen Trial, 1945-1958: Atrocity, Law, and History awarded by the Conference Group fest book in Central European History of the American Historical Association

2008-2009 Chancellor's Award for Excellence in Teaching